Repatriation Call to Action

The BCMA calls upon all publicly-funded institutions to repatriate ancestral human remains and burial items.

Throughout the history of Canada, Indigenous peoples have had their belongings, language, culture, and even ancestors taken from them and housed in museums, universities, and private collections around the world. These actions have been enabled and sustained by legislation adopted to enforce colonial rule. The ancestral remains of thousands continue to be found in institutions and facilities across the county – the grandparents and great-grandparents of living Indigenous people.

The BC Museums Association (BCMA) calls upon all publicly funded institutions in Canada to take this critical step in reconciliation, and work collaboratively with Indigenous Nations to repatriate their ancestors’ remains.

Dan Smith, former chair of the BCMA Indigenous Advisory Committee and a member of the Wei Wai Kum First Nation in Campbell River, stated that “True, meaningful and lasting reconciliation must include the return of our ancestors back to the Nations where they were taken from. We must work together to realize this, and in doing so free our children and their children from the sacred obligation we have for finding our ancestors and bringing them home.”

This initiative has been led by decades of work already undertaken by Indigenous communities and leaders throughout the country. We encourage institutions to support the continuation of these efforts towards reconciliation by aiding the repatriation of ancestors in accordance with Article 31 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and the recommendations held in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action.

We have an amazing opportunity to work towards making things right between hundreds of First Nations in Canada and the culture and heritage sector who currently steward their material culture. This should not be a difficult decision nor cumbersome process. The ancestors are waiting to go home and we should do everything in our power to make that happen” said Jodi Simkin, President of the BCMA.

The scope of this work should include all ancestral remains and related funerary objects within all collections regardless of whether provenance to specific Nations has been identified. The power of deciding who will accept ancestral remains lies with the Indigenous communities from the traditional territories from which they were removed, not the colonial institutions who currently possess them.

“Museums and Indigenous communities have had a difficult history, but I am hopeful that this is changing,” said Jordan Coble (c̓ris), chair of the BCMA Indigenous Advisory Committee and Councillor, Westbank First Nation. “We have a long way to go, but taking this vital step puts us on a path that sets a bright future for all peoples, for all relationships, Indigenous, non-Indigenous.”

The BCMA encourages all publicly-funded institutions to support repatriation initiatives. Institutions must be prepared to take action – this includes adequate budgeting for repatriation work, building relationships with Indigenous communities and learning how to support repatriation practices and, ensuring information about collections is accessible to communities. Institutions should create a transparent and responsive process that removes as many barriers as possible, empowering both the staff and Indigenous communities to act swiftly and respectfully to requests for ancestral repatriation, setting a standard of readiness and willingness to be an ally in this process.

View Press Release 

 

By Signing this Call to Action, Your Institution will;

  1. Ground all Repatriation policies, discussions, and decisions in a fundamental place of respect and empathy;
  2. Create and publicly share a Repatriation Policy that:
    • Clearly outlines the process in full along with anticipated timelines and/or processing times;
    • Is easily located on your institutional website;
    • Lists the name of your Institution’s repatriation contact person along with their contact details.
    • Is designed to be open-ended, flexible, and responsive to community’s needs
  3. Acknowledge that the costs of repatriation of ancestors and associated cultural patrimony should not be borne by Indigenous Peoples and proactively prepare for your budget to reflect this;
  4. Work to create an inventory of all ancestors in your collections, and all known information regarding their origins, collection, transfer and history.

 

 

The logo for the Repatriation Call to Action was created by Sarah Jim, an emerging artist of mixed ancestry. Sarah is a member of the W̱SÁNEĆ nation from the Tseycum village. She holds a BFA from UVIC and conducts environmental restoration on her ancestral territory. Creating place-based artwork of her homelands and waters allows her to educate others about the importance of native plant food systems and coastal medicines in relation to the ecosystem and W̱SÁNEĆ culture.

Sarah explains the elements used in the logo; “The moon and stars are ubiquitous entities that hold so much meaning for many. A moon in transition symbolizes the act of repatriation; communities are becoming whole again by receiving what truly belongs to them. The surrounding plants represent good medicine for this phase in life and stars are meant to give good wishes and represent ancestors.”

The logo will be made available to institutions who sign on to the Repatriation Call to Action to illustrate their support.

Take Action

To pledge support for the Repatriation Call to Action, and to commit your institution to take action, click below:

I Support the Repatriation Call to Action

Featured Resources

Repatriation to Heiltsuk First Nation

The BCMA talked with William Housty, a board member of the Heiltsuk Integrated Resource Management Department, about the items returning home with funding from the 2020 Repatriation Grant, how the process of repatriation heals the community and about making space in museums for ceremony.

Repatriation Policy Examples

We encourage institutions to check out this selection of Repatriation Policy examples from across BC and Canada. Use what you learn to form a policy that works in your institution, and which can be made publicly available to keep sharing and improving!

Repatriation Discussion with Maiyoo Keyoh Society

BCMA's Learning Resource Coordinator speaks with Chief Petra Munroe of the Maiyoo Keyoh Society about the importance of their 2020 Repatriation Grant, the history of their family headdress, and how The Exploration Place is supporting their work.

Additional Resources

Task Force Report on Museums and First Peoples (1994)

A milestone report born out of controversy at the Glenbow Museum. Jointly investigated by the CMA and the Assembly of First Nations (AFN), this report outlines the consideration museums and heritage institutions should take in presenting cultural material and working with Indigenous Communities.

Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future. Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (2015)

More in-depth content from the TRC regarding the Commission’s findings and recommendations. BCMA recommends reading the section “Role of Canada’s museums and archives in education for reconciliation" on page 246.

Rod Naknakim Declaration

In 2017, BCMA Council unanimously endorsed the Rod Naknakim Declaration, named after Rod Naknakim of the We Wai Kai Nation. The Declaration lists four steps that encourage cultural institutions to work in partnership with Indigenous peoples to decolonize museums, archives, and cultural spaces, creating new opportunities for collaboration, increased respect, and repatriation.

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

The UN Declaration emphasizes the Indigenous peoples' rights to live in dignity, to maintain and strengthen Indigenous institutions, cultures and traditions, and to pursue self-determined development, in keeping with Indigenous needs and aspirations. The Province of BC passed legislation adopting UNDRIP in 2019, and the sector should be preparing to implement these principles in practice.

Indigenous Ally Toolkit (Montreal Urban Aboriginal Community Strategy Network)

Insightful ideas, language and actions to help understand allyship from the Montreal Urban Aboriginal Community Strategy Network.

Standards of Achievement for the Relationship Between Indigenous Peoples & Cultural Institutions in Canada

These 15 points are based on UNDRIP and "draw on the voices of generations of Indigenous voices – but those who are currently grappling with this pandemic specifically – and the work of the handful of inquiries that have investigated these challenges."

Decolonizing Resources from Working With and For the Ancestors (Routledge, 2021)

This list provides additional resources that can be accessed to continue learning about decolonization and bettering our practices. This resource comes from the text 'Working with and For the Ancestors' (Routledge, 2021).

Indigenous Repatriation Handbook (Royal BC Museum, 2019)

The Royal BC Museum's Indigenous Repatriation Handbook provides a helpful and resource-rich tool. While most of the publication is written from Indigenous-led and repatriation-seeking perspectives, it is a great resource for institutions seeking to better understand the process.

National Museum of Australia – A Repatriation Handbook (2020)

For perspectives from outside of Canada, the National Museum of Australia provides examples of their repatriation process and policies in this Repatriation Handbook from 2020.

About the BC Museums Association

The BCMA thanks the Indigenous Advisory Committee for their leadership in creating the Repatriation Call to Action and their dedication and support throughout its creation and publication.

Since 1957 the BCMA has supported British Columbia’s museum sector through professional development, advocacy, funding, and networking. In 2017, to mark the Association’s 60th anniversary, BCMA Council unanimously endorsed the Rod Naknakim Declaration, named after Rod Naknakim of the We Wai Kai Nation. The Declaration encourages cultural institutions to work in partnership with Indigenous peoples to decolonize museums, archives, and cultural spaces, creating new opportunities for collaboration, increased respect, and repatriation. Shortly afterward, the BCMA established the Indigenous Advisory Committee to provide guidance to the organization and enhance the relationship between the heritage sector and the First Peoples.

Learn more